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Technical Reports

Value Evaluation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service, and Decision-making System
Category Policy/Management


With an environmental impact evaluation being adopted relatively earlier than other countries, South Korea has had companies evaluate environmental impacts during the implementation of large construction projects. The evaluation, however, has not been effectively carried out or even been excluded without taking into account biodiversity and ecosystem services. Whats good news is that new methods including environmental evaluation based on Emergy have been introduced at home and a number of research into biodiversity and ecosystem service have been conducted. Among them, the latest developments in research in Korea will be followed with a focus on the 2010 project undertaken by the Office of Research Affairs/UIF Yonsei University commissioned by the Ministry of Environment, which is entitled "The Technology Development of Biodiversity Economic Value Evaluation and its Standardization".

   For the current status of research and development in Korea, in 2010 the Office of Research Affairs/UIF Yonsei University introduced a variety of value evaluation methods, which include Professor Kwon Oh-sang(2000)s Contingent Ranking Methods: CRM of Mt. Gwanggyo as an example of using market value and non-market value, Kwak Seoung-jun and Yoo Seoung-hun(2001)s Contingent Valuation Methods: CVM of Dong River and Pyo Hui-dong(2001)s model for evaluating water purification value and atmosphere adjustment value on mud flat and reclaimed lands, based on a replacement cost method. And as an example of ecosystem function value evaluation method, Yoon Yeo-chang and Kim Sung-il (1992) borrowed Travel Cost Methods: TCM of Professor Lee Sun-im to put forward evaluation models for national parks surplus values. Sin Young-chul and Min Dong-gi (2005) proposed a model for economic value of the ecological nature with the first grade while other professors including Im Hye-jin (2006) introduced another model for economic benefits of Seoul Forest.  

   Yet, as the Office of Research Affairs pointed out in 2010, domestic research into the value evaluation of biodiversity is still limited in the number of research cases making full use of various national ecological information and talking into account the spatial distribution of biodiversity. In fact, based on spacial information including the National Geographic Information Clearing house, Environmental Geographical Information services, Forest Geographic Information, and National Natural Environment Survey, a National Survey of Endangered Wildlife and a National Survey of wildlife, government departments involving the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Forest have accumulated a comprehensive data base for the value evaluation of biodiversity and ecological services. Yet, the government has yet to make the most of such information in implementing the evaluation, thus resulting in the lack of reflection in decision-making systems and policy decision.  



No Category Title File Update Hit
1 Policy/Management Value Evaluation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service, and Decision-making System 09-12-2013 924