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Sustainable Management of Greenbelt by Changing the Land Environment Management
Category Policy/Management


Currently, greenbelts are determined and announced in accordance with the Act on Special Measures for Designation and Management of Development Restriction Zones. Amid the escalating living discomfort of local residents due to excessive regulations on greenbelt, it has been released by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transportation starting from those areas with low preservation values and those where the purpose of designation has been fulfilled. Now, after 10 years after the implementation of greenbelt adjustment, sustainable management of the greenbelt has become a pressing need. In this study, we inquired into the change of national land/environmental policies, the current release of greenbelt, and advanced cases of greenbelt management. We analyzed/anticipated climate change and other environmental changes of released areas and suggested sustainable management measures for the greenbelt to be environmentally sound and to improve the quality of life.

Greenbelts have been contributing in forming/maintaining green lands in urban areas, protecting the nature, protecting the water sources, preserving fertile agricultural lands, and preventing the exacerbation of urban pollution. However, owing to the nation-dominated greenbelt policy, local residents and landowners have disobeyed it in the form of civil complaints, illegal acts, and so on. The greenbelt has been adjusted and managed from the perspective of focusing on the release and preservation in consideration of various national land policies (greenbelt management, discussion/management of property rights of local residents and land owners) and environmental policies (designation and management of ecological and protection areas, eco-system services, impact of climate change, etc.), undergoing a period of additional correction and management strengthening in the 2010s. 
Countries, such as England, Canada, Germany, and France have expanded their greenbelts with the support from the government and citizens. In Korea, regardless of land characteristics, we have regulated and restricted actions uniformly as follows: regulations of business conduct, limitation on utilization for leisure facilities, and so on. We have selected regions where the pressure of the urban sprawl and the concern of environmental damage are low and released them as the greenbelt continuously. After the release of the greenbelt, sprawling development has occurred in released areas. Built-up areas have spread in connection with existing urban zones, and the environment of nearby regions, including the released areas, has been harmed. These situations go against the purpose of designating or releasing the greenbelt. As development works in the released areas have been derived to strengthen city competitiveness, the moving-in population has increased. Habitats and movement routes of wildlife were damaged, and the vitality of vegetation was decreased. The water quality was affected by the increase of soil runoff and the inflow of nonpoint pollutants to the river. The land surface temperature was increased by wise, energy-consumptive living and production activities. Environmental changes took place, including the increase in atmospheric temperature and the change of wind speed. 

For maintenance and promotion of pleasant urban environment through smart greenbelt management, we propose the following fundamental directions for green belt management.  
①	The natural environment and the ecosystem of the greenbelt should be protected. More efforts should be taken to preserve the regions where the natural landscape is excellent and the conservation value is high. Therefore, we should expand the greenbelt, build up connections with the green and waterside network, and systematically manage the natural environment and the ecosystem of the greenbelt. In response to climate change, we should conserve natural resources of the green belt by improving green coverage areas of the green belt and biological diversity and securing new renewable energy. 
②	Sustainable use and management should be accomplished in the greenbelt, limiting the use of the green belt whenever possible. We should secure human living activities that minimize the influence on nature through transfer of technology, supporting finances for sustainable agricultural production, diversifying community support programs, and aiding useable facilities. 
③	When greenbelt development is inevitable and the greenbelt is released or used restrictively, we should reinforce the management system of the greenbelt, considering the environmental assimilating capacity. It is necessary to manage national land for balanced development by connecting the national land policy and the environmental policy as follows: connection reinforcement of the national land comprehensive plan and the national environment comprehensive plan, consideration of the environmental management of released region from the greenbelt on town planning, reinforced trial of the environmental impact assessment system, and preparation of guidelines for the release and development of the greenbelt. We should induce the eco-friendly use and development of released areas and reflect local characteristics in the management system as follows: selection of released and developed locations from the greenbelt with consideration of the current situation and development impacts, development of techniques and  other applications to minimize environmental change, preparation of impact reduction countermeasures according to department, arrangement of solutions to manage pollutants reasonably, periodic monitoring of implementing measures as above, and the establishment and application of customized methods to reflect the regional nature. 
(eng) 14Biz-45_Sustainable Management of Greenbelt by Changing the Land Environment Management.pdf 
No Category Title file Update Hit
22 Policy/Management Sustainable Management of Greenbelt by Changing the Land Environment Management
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21 Policy/Management Seoul makes "2030 Smart Eco-Transportation Master Plan"
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20 Policy/Management Korea-led International Standardization for Energy Storage System
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19 Policy/Management Trend of Climate Funding and Domestic GCF
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18 Policy/Management Establishment of a Legal and Systematic Ground for Promoting Water Reuse
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17 Policy/Management Direction for Promoting Green Innovation for Green Growth in the Manufacturing Industry 22-09-2011 1760
16 Policy/Management Concentrated investment in new growth motivation such as green growth, high-tech fusion and bio, and promotion of attracting USD 140 million foreign funds 24-06-2011 2189
15 Policy/Management Concentrated investment in new growth motivation such as green growth, high-tech fusion and bio, and promotion of attracting USD 140 million foreign funds 04-03-2011 2340
14 Policy/Management Economical benefit of carbon emission trading 14-10-2010 2223
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