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Culture

Language (Hangeul)

Contents

Structure of Hangeul

- The main principles of Hunminjeongeum, the protocol of Hangeul, can be explained by two aspects, which demonstrate the superiority of Hangeul.

  • The shapes of letters comes from the images of speech organ, earth, sky and man.
  • Based on the basic letters, rest letters of the alphabet were added to raise association.

- Hangeul is a phonemic writing system that has differing consonant and vowels units.

- The characteristics of Hangeul is that the two differing consonants and vowels form a syllable when combined, which is similar to the syllabic character system.

  • Basic Unit (24 letters) = Consonants (14 letters) + Vowels (10 letters)
Consonants Letter
Name gi
yeok
nieun di
geut
rieul mieum bieup siot ieung jieut chieut kieuk tieut pieup hieut
Vowels Letter
Name a ya eo yeo o yo u yu eu i
  • Compound Unit (16 letters) = Consonants (5 letters) + Vowels (11 letters)
Consonants Letter
Name Ssang
giyeok
Ssang
digeut
Ssang
bieup
Ssang
siot
Ssang
jieut
ㄱ+ㄱ ㄷ+ㄷ ㅂ+ㅂ ㅅ+ㅅ ㅈ+ㅈ
Vowels Letter
Name ae yae e ye wa wae oe wo we wi ui
ㅏ+ㅣ ㅑ+ㅣ ㅓ+ㅣ ㅕ+ㅣ ㅗ+ㅏ ㅗ+ㅐ ㅗ+ㅣ ㅜ+ㅓ ㅜ+ㅔ ㅜ+ ㅡ+ㅣ
  • Rules [system] of spelling of Hangeul
- Beginning Sound Letters
ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ ㄲ ㄸ ㅃ ㅆ ㅉ (19)
- Middle Sound Letters
ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ ㅣ ㅐ ㅒ ㅔ ㅖ ㅘ ㅚ ㅙ ㅝ ㅞ ㅟ ㅢ (21)
- Ending Consonant Letters
Single ending consonant : ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ ㄲ ㅆ (16)
Double ending consonant : ㄳ ㄵ ㄶ ㄺ ㄻ ㄼ ㄽ ㄾ ㄿ ㅀ ㅄ (11)
Hangeul in Korea

- Hangeul is the 13th most widely used language in the world, following Chinese, Hindi, Spanish, English, Bengali, Arabic, Russian, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, German, French and Indonesia.